What is Hematology?
Finding the right doctor that practices Hematology in Birmingham, Michigan will be key to treat blood disorders such as such as abnormal blood counts, anemia, and blood clots.
Hematology is the study and treatment of blood disorders and diseases. Its name is derived from two words: haemato (meaning “blood”) and logos, which means “study.” Problems with the blood can include abnormal blood counts, anemia, and blood clots. Cancer of the blood is treated by a hematologist-oncologist.
Blood disorders are sometimes referred to as hematologic conditions, and they are either malignant (cancerous) or benign (not cancerous). Hematology is a very large topic because blood circulates through every organ in the body as well as throughout the various tissues. There are about 50 different types of blood disorders and diseases.
Some blood disorders/diseases are quite rare. The blood disorder anemia is common and affects almost 3 million people in America. Diseases and disorders of the blood affect all races, genders and age groups.
When a patient first sees a hematology physician, the doctor performs a physical exam and asks the patient about their family and personal medical history. The doctor also checks the patient’s blood count and may also look at a peripheral blood smear and reticulocyte count.
If necessary, the patient may have to have their bone marrow biopsied or aspirated in order to get a sample. All of these procedures help the doctor achieve the right diagnosis.
Treatment for benign disorders can include:
- Changes to the diet
- Blood transfusions
Are there specialties within hematology?
Pathology and pediatric hematology/oncology are specialties and subspecialties within the field. Many hematology training programs are combined with oncology, so student-residents often decide to receive training in both hematology and medical oncology at the same time.
Pathology in hematology is concerned with the study and diagnosis of disease by examining blood, tissues, and organs. This field has a focus of molecular pathology, chemistry, and microbiology.
Medical oncology and hematology
This subspecialty studies and treats both cancer (oncology) and blood diseases (hematology). This field encompasses diseases like: hemophilia, iron deficiency anemia, thalassemias, sickle cell disease, leukemias and lymphomas, as well as cancers of other organs.
This subspecialty is the same as medical oncology and hematology (above), but focused solely on children, including teenagers.
Below, are directions from Birmingham to our Lake Orion office.
Birmingham to Lake Orion Office