Troy Oncology

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What Is Oncology?

Oncology is the study and treatment of cancer. It gets its name from the Greek language: √≥nkos means “tumor” (also “volume” or “mass”) and logos means “study.” Finding the right Oncologist in Lake Orion is key to helping to get through the number of conditions.

Oncology is a vast topic because, unfortunately, the human body is capable of hosting hundreds different types of cancer. Over the past several decades, researchers have developed newer treatments to add to your cancer team’s arsenal. More and more cancers are treatable; some are even curable.

Are there specialties within oncology?

Several oncology specialties and subspecialties exist:

  • Gynecological oncology
  • Medical oncology
  • Medical oncology and hematology (subspecialty)
  • Pediatric oncology and hematology (subspecialty)
  • Radiation oncology
  • Surgical oncology

Gynecological oncology

This subspecialty studies and treats cancer of the ovary, endometrium, uterus, cervix, vagina, vulva and trophoblastic disease.

Medical oncology

This specialty studies and treats cancer using chemotherapy and/or other medications like immunotherapy or targeted therapy.

Medical oncology and hematology

This subspecialty studies and treats both cancer (oncology) and blood diseases (hematology). This field encompasses diseases like: hemophilia, iron deficiency anemia, thalassemias, sickle cell disease, leukemias and lymphomas, as well as cancers of other organs.

Pediatric oncology and hematology

This subspecialty is the same as medical oncology and hematology (above), but focused solely on children and adolescents.

Radiation oncology

This specialty focuses on using high-energy radiation to cancer in order to damage cancer cells and prevent them from growing.

Surgical oncology

This specialty treats cancer by removing tumors or cancerous tissue.

Oncology and other medical fields

Depending on the type of cancer being treated, doctors who work in other medical fields are often consulted or involved during cancer treatment. Some examples include (but are not limited to):

  • Dermatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Hematology
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonology
  • Urology

The oncologist consults extensively with the other doctors to determine what type of treatment will result in the best outcome for you. Although you might receive treatment from any of the doctors on your cancer team, your oncologist is the “quarterback” who coordinates the treatment.

The study of oncology frequently makes use of the field of genetic counseling, as some types of cancer are thought to have a genetic component. By understanding the genetic mutations that caused the cancer to begin growing, the oncology doctor can better treat the cancer.

Below, are directions from Troy to our Lake Orion office.

Troy to Lake Orion Office