What does a Hematologists do?
Finding the right hematologist in Utica, Michigan will be key to treat blood disorders such as such as abnormal blood counts, anemia, and blood clots.
Blood disorders also called hematologic conditions can be either benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). The list of blood disorders and diseases number to almost 50, with some of them quite rare. Anemia, which is a common blood disorder, affects nearly 3 million people in the United States. Diseases and disorders of the blood cut across all age groups, gender, and races.
When faced with a suspected benign blood disorder, a hematologist usually performs a physical exam and asks the patient for their personal and family medical history. The doctor also performs blood tests for blood counts as well as reticulocyte count and peripheral blood smear. Sometimes, it might be necessary to perform a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy to get the correct diagnosis.
Benign disorders can be treated in several ways, such as:
- Blood transfusions
- Changes to the diet
Blood flows throughout the body into all of its organs and tissue, so hematology has large implications that extend to almost all fields of medicine. For example, hematology research often proves beneficial to those who have had strokes or have high blood pressure. Hematologists are often are consulted by general practitioners, internists, and other specialty doctors.
What Type of Education Does a Hematologist Have?
Many hematology training programs are combined with oncology, so student-residents often decide to receive training in both hematology and medical oncology at the same time.
To become a hematologist, a person must complete several levels of education:
- Undergraduate school (pre-med), 4 years
- Medical school, 4 years
- Residency, 3 – 7 years
After this, the physician pursues further education in a specialty and/or sub-specialty, which can include adult hematology, pathology, or pediatric hematology/oncology.
This additional education includes a hematology fellowship to provide training in diagnosing and treating blood diseases and disorders. It can take another few years to complete this education. During the fellowship, the physician may focus on research, methodology, becoming an educator, or patient care.
After completing the fellowship, the physician can apply for certification and pass an exam that is administered by a medical board. The physician must apply and pass an exam for each specialty or subspecialty.
As of 2016, there were about 12,100 physicians specializing in hematology-oncology treating patients across the United States.
Below, are directions from Utica to our Lake Orion office.